Image from page 60 of “The church and the community” (1920)
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Title: The church and the community
Year: 1920 (1920s)
Authors: Diffendorfer, Ralph E. (Ralph Eugene), 1879-1951
Subjects: Christian sociology
Publisher: New York city, Council of women for home missions and Interchurch world movement of North America
Contributing Library: New York Public Library
Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive
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Text Appearing Before Image:
TEN YEARS AGO TO-DAY DIAGRAM SHOWING THE INCREASE IN TENANT FARMS (bLACK) INA PARISH OF IOWA DURING THE PAST TEN YEARS. agencies in rural communities, is the rapid increase oftenantry in the United States. The increase in one small ECONOMIC FACTORS 45 parish in the heart of one of the best farming sections inIowa is indicated in the diagram on the opposite page. A survey made of a parish in lUinois in the rich cornbelt reveals the following situation:
Text Appearing After Image:
OWNERS OF THE BLACK AREAS (48 PER CENT) LIVE OUTSIDE THEparish; OWNERS OF THE GRAY AREAS (13 PER CENT) LIVE IN THEPARISH ; WHILE OWNERS OF THE WHITE AREAS (39 PER CENT) WORKTHEIR FARMS. THIS SHOWS THAT 61 PER CENT OF THE LAND ISRENTED. The yield of land under tenantry is less per acre thanunder farm ownership. This is due to the strain put uponthe land to support two families, the tenants and theowners, where it formerly had been supporting one. Be-sides, the farm-owners family, residing in the village orthe city, demands a larger income in order to meet greaterexpense, because of higher standards of living. Thisstrain is seen in the lack of proper and adequate fer-tilizing, little attention to rotation and diversification of 46 THE CHURCH AND THE COMMUNITY crops, and lack of care of buildings, tools, and equip-ment. Furthermore, tenant-farmers are but temporarydwellers, and, in a distressingly large number of instances,they have not identified themselves with a church or anyother com
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